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|Writer(s)||Joe Grant |
|Cinematography||James Wong Howe |
|Distributor||RKO Radio Pictures|
|Release||November 13th, 1940|
|Runtime||124 minutes (1940 version and 2000 restoration) |
81 minutes (1942 edit)
115 minutes (all versions 1946-1990)
|Studio||Walt Disney Pictures|
Fantasia is a 1940 American animated film produced by Walt Disney and released by Walt Disney Productions.
Toccata and Fugue in D Minor Edit
- Main article: Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
Musical Score: Johann Sebastian Bach - Toccata and Fugue in D Minor BWV 565 (Stokowki's own orchestration)
Directed By: Samuel Armstrong
Story Development: Lee Blair, Elmer Plummer, and Phil Dike
Art Direction: Robert Cormack
Background Painting: Joe Stahley, John Hench, and Nino Carbe
Visual Development: Oskar Fischinger
Animation Cy Young, Art Palmer, Daniel MacManus, George Rowley, Edwin Aardal, Joshua Meador, and Cornett Wood
Fantasia begins immediately (there are no opening credits or logos of any sort) with the curtains being opened to reveal an orchestra stand. Musicians are seen ascending the stand, taking their places, and tuning their instruments. Master of ceremonies Deems Taylor arrives and delivers an introduction to the film. Stokowski appears and begins conducting the first strains of his own orchestration of the Toccata and Fugue in D Minor, by Johann Sebastian Bach (originally written for solo organ).
The first third of the Toccata and Fugue is in live-action, and features an orchestra playing the piece, illuminated by abstract light patterns set in time to the music and backed by stylized (and superimposed) shadows. The first few parts of the piece are played in each of the three sound channels (first the right, then the left, then the middle, then all of them) as a demonstration of Fantasound. The number segues into an abstract animation piece—a first for the Disney studio—set in time to the music. Toccata and Fugue was inspired primarily by the work of German abstract animator Oskar Fischinger, who worked for a brief time on this segment. The animation segues back into the live-action footage of Stokowski as the piece concludes, setting the precedent for the rest of the musical numbers.
Although the Philadelphia Orchestra recorded the music for the film (excepting The Sorcerer's Apprentice), they do not appear onscreen; the orchestra used onscreen in the film is made up of local Los Angeles musicians and Disney studio employees like James Macdonald and Paul J. Smith, who mime to the prerecorded tracks by Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra. Originally, the Philadelphia Orchestra was slated to be filmed in the introduction and interstitial segments, but union and budgetary considerations prevented this from coming to pass.